American Chemical Society
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New Nanocomposites Derived from Cation-Nonstoichiometric Bax(Co, Fe, Zr, Y)O3−δ as Efficient Electrocatalysts for Water Oxidation in Alkaline Solution

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-12, 15:08 authored by Fatma Abdelghafar, Xiaomin Xu, Daqin Guan, Zezhou Lin, Zhiwei Hu, Meng Ni, Haitao Huang, Tejas Bhatelia, San Ping Jiang, Zongping Shao
Perovskite oxides are promising electrocatalysts due to their rich composition, facile synthesis, and favorable stability under oxidizing conditions. Despite extensive research on doping strategies, the impact of cation nonstoichiometry on electrocatalytic performance is less understood. Here, we reveal that A-site cation nonstoichiometry significantly influences the phase evolution of Bax(Co, Fe, Zr, Y)­O3−δ, transitioning from a single cubic perovskite (x = 1) to a nanocomposite comprising a major cubic perovskite phase and a minor hexagonal swedenborgite phase (0.80 ≤ x ≤ 0.95). The nanocomposite with a nominal chemical composition of Ba0.80Co0.7Fe0.1Zr0.1Y0.1O3−δ showed markedly enhanced electrocatalytic performance for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline solutions due to the synergistic effect of the two strongly interacting phases, promoting a lattice-oxygen-participating OER pathway. Further optimizing cation nonstoichiometry allowed the design of nanocomposites with controlled phase concentrations. The optimal candidate, with an increased content of the swedenborgite phase, demonstrated further boosted OER performance.