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New Metal Chalcogenides Ba4CuGa5Q12 (Q = S, Se) Displaying Strong Infrared Nonlinear Optical Response

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journal contribution
posted on 25.06.2013, 00:00 by Shu-Ming Kuo, Yu-Ming Chang, In Chung, Joon-Ik Jang, Bo-Hsian Her, Siao-Han Yang, John B. Ketterson, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Kuei-Fang Hsu
A series of new metal chalcogenides Ba4CuGa5Q12 (Q = S, S0.75Se0.25, Se) were synthesized using KBr flux at 750 °C. The three compounds are isostructural and adopt the noncentrosymmetric space group P4̅21c. Crystal data are as follows: Ba4CuGa5S12, 1, a = 13.040(1) Å, c = 6.304(1) Å, and Z = 2; Ba4CuGa5S9.00(1)Se2.92(1), 2, a = 13.1585(2) Å, c = 6.3520(2) Å, and Z = 2; Ba4CuGa5Se12, 3, a = 13.598(1) Å, c = 6.527(1) Å, and Z = 2. The three-dimensional framework in 1 is constructed by infinite columns 1[CuGa4S10]7– that surround the discrete GaS4 tetrahedra situated on a 4̅ axis. The discrete GaS4 tetrahedra on the stacking (112) planes and canted oriented edge-sharing CuS4 tetrahedra within the columns may account for the occurrence of strong second-harmonic generation (SHG) responses. Compounds 13 are transparent in the mid-infrared range and have the absorption edges at 2.82, 2.05, and 1.45 eV, respectively. The new nonlinear optical (NLO) materials are type-I nonphase matching at 693 nm and display strong SHG intensities that are ∼2.7, ∼2.6, and ∼1.1 times that of AgGaSe2 at 808 nm. Raman spectroscopic characterization of the compounds is reported.