New Insights on Molybdenum Suboxide: Nature of Carbons in Isomerization Reactions
journal contributionposted on 22.09.2005, 00:00 by Enelio Torres-García, Geonel Rodríguez-Gattorno, Jorge A. Ascencio, Laura O. Alemán-Vázquez, José L. Cano-Domínguez, Angel Martínez-Hernández, Patricia Santiago-Jacinto
MoO3 transformations under isomerization process conditions were studied. The products obtained after different times under stream (H2/n-heptane mixture, 18.5 bar, at 370 °C) were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, thermal analysis, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Theoretical quantum calculations were carried out with the aim of understanding the paradox of the real active phase in isomerization reactions. Theoretical calculations predict the existence of a metallic-like MoO phase with a structure that matches the X-ray diffraction experimental results. From experimental and simulated HRTEM images it was possible to identify the presence of small MoO cubic crystallites inside MoOx matrix phases. These results also support the previously proposed idea that isomerization reactions take place as a result of the existence of a bifunctional catalyst. The Raman and thermo-programmed oxidation (TPO) analyses show the existence of at least two types of carbonaceous deposits which tend to increase its ordering with the increase of time under stream. The carbon K edge in electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) of a sample after 24 h under stream shows that these carbonaceous deposits consist of a mixture of sp2- and sp3-hybridized carbons.