American Chemical Society
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New Insights into the All-Dry Synthesis of NMC622 Cathodes Using a Single-Phase Rock Salt Oxide Precursor

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-18, 05:44 authored by Mohammad H. Tahmasebi, Mark N. Obrovac
In this study, new insights into the all-dry synthesis of the LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2 (NMC622) cathode using a single-phase rock-salt (RS) oxide precursor are provided. It was found that use of a larger amount of excess Li content not only can enhance the electrochemical performance of NMC made from the RS-precursor but also increase the degree of homogeneity of the NMC cathode material. In situ XRD analysis showed that lithiation of the RS-precursor (i.e., formation of the O3-phase) starts at a higher synthesis temperature (∼450 °C) than that is required when using a hydroxide precursor (HP) and lithium carbonate (∼350 °C). Consequently, Li2CO3 was consumed by the reaction with the HP at low temperatures before the temperature reached the Li2CO3 melting point. In contrast, the reduced lithiation kinetics of the RS-precursor results in the presence of liquid Li2CO3 during the synthesis, which rapidly increases the rates of precursor lithiation and increases the NMC primary particle size.