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New Functional TracerTwo-Dimensional Nanosheet-Based Immunochromatographic Assay for Salmonella enteritidis Detection

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journal contribution
posted on 22.05.2019, 00:00 by Tong Bu, Jianlong Wang, Lunjie Huang, Leina Dou, Bingxin Zhao, Tao Li, Daohong Zhang
The rapid monitoring of foodborne pathogens by monoclonal antibody (McAb)-based immunochromatographic tests (ICTs) is desirable but highly challenging as a result of the screening obstacle for a superior performance probe, which will greatly determine the capture efficiency of targets and the sensitivity of the immunoassay. In this work, on the basis of two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets (including MoS2 and graphene) as the extraordinary capture probe and signal indicator, we fabricated a label-free ICT method for Salmonella enteritidis detection. Especially, without the customarily labeled antibody probe, these 2D versatile probes presented strong capture ability toward bacteria by directly assembling onto the surface of bacteria. An ideal analytical performance with high sensitivity and specificity was achieved by virtue of the novel nanosheet–bacteria–McAb sandwich format. On the basis of MoS2 2D nanosheets as a fabulous probe element, the developed ICT exhibited a lowest detectable concentration of 103 colony-forming units/mL for S. enteritidis and could be well-applied in drinking water and watermelon juice samples. By the smart design, this work removes a series of conditionality issues of traditional double antibody sandwich-based ICTs and can give a new application direction for 2D nanosheet materials in the rapid detection field.