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New Class of Supramolecular Bowl-Shaped Columnar Mesogens Derived from Thiacalix[4]arene Exhibiting Gelation and Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Applications

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journal contribution
posted on 20.09.2019, 16:36 by Vinay S. Sharma, Anuj S. Sharma, Akshara P. Shah, Priyanka A. Shah, Pranav S. Shrivastav, Mohd Athar
A new class of blue light-emitting bowl-shaped mesogens with the thiacalix[4]­arene core appended with 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives having peripheral alkoxy side chains have been synthesized and well characterized. The liquid crystalline behavior of present synthesized derivatives was examined by optical polarizing microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction studies. It was observed that these thiacalix[4]­arene derivatives were capable of stabilizing the observed Colh phase with a higher temperature range. The cone-shaped thiacalix[4]­arene-based liquid crystals with peripheral alkoxy side chains able to pack into the columns with enriched intermolecular interactions and thermal behavior. All derivatives showed blue luminescence in solution, solid thin-film, and gelation state. The hexagonal columnar phase and emissive nature of thiadiazole-based thiacalixarene compounds having xerogel behavior make them favorable in the application of emissive electronic display devices. The electrochemical properties of these thiacalixarene-based compounds demonstrate the effect of alkyl side chain on the highest occupied molecular orbital–lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energy levels and also exhibited lower electron band gaps. The electroluminescence behavior of the compound 10c was examined as emissive layers in the fabrication of organic light-emitting diodes.