Neutral Homoaromaticity in Some Heterocyclic Systems
journal contributionposted on 18.03.2005, 00:00 by Peter K. Freeman
Neutral homoaromaticity has been evaluated in heterocyclic systems related to the bicyclo[3.2.1]octane skeleton with replacement of CH2 at C-2 in bicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-diene with X = BH, AlH, Be, Mg, O, S, PH, NH (12); replacement of CH at C-3 in bicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-dien-2-yl anion with PH, S, NH, O (13); and replacement at C-2 and C-3 with N and O (14). Stabilization energies (SE) are evaluated using density functional theory and homodesmotic equations at the B3LYP/6-311+G(3df,2p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d) level for series 12−14. Stabilization energies are compared with diamagnetic susceptibility exaltations, Λ, CSGT-B3LYP/6-31G(d)//B3LYP/6-31G(d), and nucleus-independent chemical shifts (NICS), GIAO-B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d). Analysis of frontier orbitals and geometries, B3LYP/6-31G(d)//B3LYP/6-31G(d), and proton affinities of 2-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octa-3,6-diene, pyrrole, and related model systems, B3LYP/6-311+G(2d,2p)//B3LYP/6-31G(d), provide complementary evidence supporting the division of the substrates evaluated into antihomoaromatic (12, X = BH, AlH, and Be), nonhomoaromatic (12, X = O, S, NH, PH), and homoaromatic (13, X = S, PH, NH, O and 14 X = ON), with 12 (X = Mg) appearing as transitional between anti- and nonhomoaromatic.