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Negative SPR Signals during Low Molecular Weight Analyte Recognition
journal contributionposted on 2021-02-12, 18:03 authored by H. Bonnet, L. Coche-Guérente, E. Defrancq, N. Spinelli, A. Van der Heyden, J. Dejeu
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is a powerful technique for studying biomolecular interactions mainly due to its sensitivity and real-time and label free advantages. While SPR signals are usually positive, only a few studies have reported sensorgrams with negative signals. The aim of the present work is to investigate and to explain the observation of negative SPR signals with the hypothesis that it reflects major changes in ligand conformation resulting from target binding. We demonstrated that these negative unconventional signals were due to the negative complex (ligand/analyte) refractive index increment (RII) deviation from the sum of the RII of the individual entities which counterbalanced the theoretical increase of the signal triggered by the target recognition and the ligand folding. We also found that the conformation change of biomolecules can induce a negative or a positive complex RII deviation depending on its sequence and immobilization mode.