American Chemical Society
nn3c08791_si_001.pdf (4.3 MB)

Near-Infrared Chiroptical Activity Titanium Dioxide Supraparticles with Circularly Polarized Light Induced Antibacterial Activity

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-12-19, 14:07 authored by Rui Gao, Changlong Hao, Liguang Xu, Xinxin Xu, Jing Zhao, Maozhong Sun, Qing Wang, Hua Kuang, Chuanlai Xu
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has attracted significant attention in the fields of antibacterial activity and pollutant degradation due to its well-known photocatalytic properties. However, the application of TiO2 is significantly limited by its large band gap width, which only allows excitation by ultraviolet light below 400 nm. Here, we propose the use of surface chiral functionalization of TiO2 to tune its band gap width, thus enabling it to be excited by near-infrared-region light (NIR), resulting in the effective separation of electron–hole pairs. By controlling the solvent polarity and forming numerous weak interactions (such as hydrogen bonding) between chiral ligands and TiO2, we successfully prepared chiral TiO2 superparticles (SPs) that exhibited a broad circular dichroism (CD) absorption at 792 nm. Under circularly polarized light (CPL) at 808 nm, the chiral SPs induced the separation of electron–hole pairs in TiO2, thus generating hydroxyl and singlet oxygen radicals. Antibacterial tests under CPL in NIR showed that the chiral TiO2 SPs exhibited excellent antibacterial performance, with inhibition rates of 99.4% and 100% against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, respectively. Recycling–reuse experiments and biocompatibility evaluation of the material demonstrated that the chiral TiO2 SPs are stable and safe antibacterial materials, thus indicating the potential application of chiral TiO2 SPs in antibacterial aspects of medical implants.