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Nanostructured Films of Ordered Fe Nanowires for High-Performance Transparent Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-13, 14:44 authored by Ping-an Yang, Zhengwei Qu, Haibo Ruan, Yuxuan Huang, Xin Huang, Wanjun Li, Tian Xia, Bing Gao, Rui Li
Although metal nanowires (NWs), such as silver NWs, are ideal materials for flexible transparent electromagnetic shielding films, the challenge of obtaining absorptive shielding films with high transmittance and shielding efficiency (SE) still exists. To address this issue, this study used iron nanowires (Fe NWs) with excellent microwave absorbing properties to construct structures with ordered NW distributions. A series of polyethylene terephthalate (PET)/Fe NWs/poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding films were prepared using the magnetic-field-induced orientation. The results demonstrate that the ordered Fe NW network structure can effectively overcome the problem of the trade-off between light transmittance and EMI SE. Specifically, at a Fe NW surface density of 201.78 mg/m2, the ordered PET/Fe NWs/PEDOT films demonstrated a 49.06% increase in light transmittance and a 32.94% increase in EMI SE (19.37 dB), compared to the films with randomly distributed Fe NWs. Furthermore, constructing a double-layer Fe NW network with a stagger angle of 45° at the same surface density increased the EMI SE by 73.2% relative to the monolayer-ordered Fe NW structure, reaching an SE value of 33.54 dB, while maintaining almost unchanged light transmittance. Additionally, the PET/Fe NWs/PEDOT films maintain 97.4% of EMI performance after 3000 bending cycles. Overall, this study provides a new approach for creating high-performance flexible transparent EMI shielding films.

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