American Chemical Society
nn9b06467_si_001.pdf (1.62 MB)

Nanoscale Covalent Organic Framework for Combinatorial Antitumor Photodynamic and Photothermal Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-11-08, 14:37 authored by Qun Guan, Le-Le Zhou, Yan-An Li, Wen-Yan Li, Shumei Wang, Chun Song, Yu-Bin Dong
Despite the excellent photodynamic and photothermal properties of organic molecular photosensitizers (PSs) and photothermal agents (PTAs), such as porphyrin and naphthalocyanine, their poor water solubility severely impedes their biological applications. Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), as an emerging class of organic crystalline porous materials, possess free active end groups (bonding defects) and large inner pores, which make them an ideal type of nanocarriers for loading hydrophobic organic molecular PSs and PTAs by both bonding defect functionalization (BDF) and guest encapsulation approaches to obtain multifunctional nanomedicines for PDT/PTT combination therapy. In this work, we report a nanoscale COF (NCOF) prepared via a facile synthetic approach under ambient conditions. Furthermore, a dual-modal PDT/PTT therapeutic nanoagent, VONc@COF-Por (3), is successfully fabricated by stepwise BDF and guest encapsulation processes. The covalently grafted porphyrinic PS (Por) and the noncovalently loaded naphthalocyanine PTA (VONc) are independently responsible for the PDT and PTT functionalities of the nanoagent. Upon visible (red LED) and NIR (808 nm laser) irradiation, VONc@COF-Por (3) displayed high 1O2 generation and photothermal conversion ability (55.9%), consequently providing an excellent combined PDT/PTT therapeutic effect on inhibiting MCF-7 tumor cell proliferation and metastasis, which was well evidenced by in vitro and in vivo experiments. We believe that the results obtained herein can significantly promote the development of NCOF-based multifunctional nanomedicines for biomedical applications.