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Nanoporous Gold Nanoframes with Minimalistic Architectures: Lower Porosity Generates Stronger Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Capabilities

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journal contribution
posted on 24.11.2015, 00:00 by Wee Shern Chew, Srikanth Pedireddy, Yih Hong Lee, Weng Weei Tjiu, Yejing Liu, Zhe Yang, Xing Yi Ling
Current synthesis of gold nanoframes has only demonstrated morphological control over wall thickness and wall length. Here, we demonstrate the ability to control the nanoscale porosity of these nanoframes, using a templated seed-mediated approach. The porosity on these nanoporous gold nanoframes (NGNs) is tuned by controlling the crystallite size of Au nanoparticles deposited on the AgCl templates. The yield of the NGNs approaches 100%. Despite its minimalist architectural construction, the NGNs are mechanically robust, retaining its morphology even after multiple centrifugation and sonication rounds. We further highlight that decreasing the porosity on the NGN leads to improved surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement. Increasing the constituent Au crystallite size decreases the porosity, but increases the surface roughness of NGN, hence leading to greater SERS enhancement. The introduction of porosity in a gold nanoframe structure through our synthesis method is novel and generic, suggesting the extendibility of our method to other types of templates.