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Nanoparticle-Mediated Simultaneous Downregulation of Placental Nrf2 and sFlt1 Improves Maternal and Fetal Outcomes in a Preeclampsia Mouse Model

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posted on 2020-09-30, 12:33 authored by Lei Li, Hongyan Li, Jing Xue, Pengzheng Chen, Qian Zhou, Chunhua Zhang
Preeclampsia has impacted 3–5% pregnancies among the world and its complications lead to both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. However, management of preeclampsia is limited. Nanoparticles targeting chondroitin sulfate A (CSA) can deliver drugs to placenta. Inactivation of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase (sFlt-1) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-like 2 (Nrf2) has been proved to alleviate preeclampsia and improve maternal and fetal outcomes. Carboxyl-polyethylene glycol-poly (d,l-lactide) (COOH-PEG5K-PLA8K), cationic lipid DOTAP, and siNrf2 and sisFlt-1 were used to construct the nanoparticles and conjugating peptides targeting CSA was fabricated to it. The expression levels of proteins and RNAs were estimated by qRT-PCR and Western blot assays. ELISA assays were performed to evaluate levels of circulating sFlt-1. The nanoparticles containing siNrf2 and sisFlt-1 are targeted to the placenta trophoblasts and downregulated the expression levels of Nrf2 and sFlt-1 as well as their downstream genes in the placental cells of model mice. Treatment of nanoparticles induced the expression of angiogenic factors in placenta. Knocking down Nrf2 and sFlt-1 synchronously alleviated the preeclampsia and increased the maternal and fetal outcomes in preeclampsia model mice. Nanoparticle-mediated simultaneous downregulation of placental Nrf2 and sFlt1 improved maternal and fetal outcomes in a preeclampsia mouse model.

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