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Nanoarray-Based Biomolecular Detection Using Individual Au Nanoparticles with Minimized Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Variations

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journal contribution
posted on 01.04.2011, 00:00 authored by Longhua Guo, Abdul Rahim Ferhan, Kijoon Lee, Dong-Hwan Kim
Here, we present a mean to expand the use of individual metallic nanoparticles to two-dimensional plasmonic nanoarrays. An optical detection platform to track down localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) signals of individual nanoparticles on substrates was built for the application of plasmonic nanoarrays. A pseudoimage of nanoparticles on a substrate was reconstructed from their scattering spectra obtained by scanning a user-defined area. The spectral and spatial resolutions of the system were also discussed in detail. Most importantly, we present a method to normalize the localized surface plasmon resonance from geometrically different nanoparticles. After normalization, plasmonic responses from different particles become highly consistent, creating well-fitted dose−response curves of both surrounding refractive index changes and receptor−analyte binding to the surface of individual nanoparticles. Finally, the proof-of-concept system for plasmonic nanoarray detection is demonstrated by the measurement of the aptamer−thrombin binding event.