American Chemical Society
ic0c02294_si_001.pdf (4.89 MB)

Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6: Hydrogen-Rich First-Row Transition Metal Hydrides from High Pressure Synthesis

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-11-03, 18:07 authored by Kristina Spektor, Wilson A. Crichton, Stanislav Filippov, Sergei I. Simak, Andreas Fischer, Ulrich Häussermann
The formation of ternary hydrogen-rich hydrides involving the first-row transition metals TM = Fe and Co in high oxidation states is demonstrated from in situ synchrotron diffraction studies of reaction mixtures NaH–TM–H2 at p ≈ 10 GPa. Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 feature pentagonal bipyramidal FeH73– and octahedral CoH63– 18-electron complexes, respectively. At high pressure, high temperature (300 < T ≤ 470 °C) conditions, metal atoms are arranged as in the face-centered cubic Heusler structure, and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the complexes undergo reorientational dynamics. Upon cooling, subtle changes in the diffraction patterns evidence reversible and rapid phase transitions associated with ordering of the complexes. During decompression, Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 transform to tetragonal and orthorhombic low pressure forms, respectively, which can be retained at ambient pressure. The discovery of Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 establishes a consecutive series of homoleptic hydrogen-rich complexes for first-row transition metals from Cr to Ni.