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N‑Terminomics/TAILS Profiling of Proteases and Their Substrates in Ulcerative Colitis

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journal contribution
posted on 21.08.2019, 13:36 by Marilyn H. Gordon, Anthonia Anowai, Daniel Young, Nabangshu Das, Rhiannon I. Campden, Henna Sekhon, Zoe Myers, Barbara Mainoli, Sameeksha Chopra, Peter S. Thuy-Boun, Jayachandran Kizhakkedathu, Gurmeet Bindra, Humberto B. Jijon, Steven Heitman, Robin Yates, Dennis W. Wolan, Laura E. Edgington-Mitchell, Wallace K. MacNaughton, Antoine Dufour
Dysregulated protease activity is often implicated in the initiation of inflammation and immune cell recruitment in gastrointestinal inflammatory diseases. Using N-terminomics/TAILS (terminal amine isotopic labeling of substrates), we compared proteases, along with their substrates and inhibitors, between colonic mucosal biopsies of healthy patients and those with ulcerative colitis (UC). Among the 1642 N-termini enriched using TAILS, increased endogenous processing of proteins was identified in UC compared to healthy patients. Changes in the reactome pathways for proteins associated with metabolism, adherens junction proteins (E-cadherin, liver-intestinal cadherin, catenin alpha-1, and catenin delta-1), and neutrophil degranulation were identified between the two groups. Increased neutrophil infiltration and distinct proteases observed in ulcerative colitis may result in extensive break down, altered processing, or increased remodeling of adherens junctions and other cellular functions. Analysis of the preferred proteolytic cleavage sites indicated that the majority of proteolytic activity and processing comes from host proteases, but that key microbial proteases may also play a role in maintaining homeostasis. Thus, the identification of distinct proteases and processing of their substrates improves the understanding of dysregulated proteolysis in normal intestinal physiology and ulcerative colitis.