American Chemical Society
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N‑Rich and Sulfur-Doped Nano Hollow Carbons with High Oxidase-like Activity Prepared Using a Green Template of CaCO3 for Bacteriostasis

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-09-06, 17:47 authored by Liangqin Liu, Jun Deng, Yinlong Wang, Xin He, Huibing He, Xiaopeng Chen, Dankui Liao, Zhangfa Tong
Nanozymes, enzyme-mimicking nanomaterials, have attracted increasing attention due to their low cost, high stability, and catalytic ability compared with natural enzymes. However, the catalytic efficiency of the nanozymes is still relatively low, and catalytic reaction mechanisms remain unclear. To address these issues, herein we prepared nitrogen-riched and sulfur-codoped nano hollow carbons (N/S-HCS) using a green and useful template of CaCO3. N/S-HCS exhibits enhanced oxidase-like activity and catalytic kinetic performance. It could directly oxidize the colorless 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) to the heavy blue colored ox-TMB without H2O2. The maximum reaction rate (Vmax) is 186.7 × 10–8 M·s–1, and Michaelis–Menten constant (Km) is 0.162 mM. DFT results show that N and S codoping could work synergistically to provide more active sites, resulting in the superior ability to adsorb oxygen and enhanced catalytic activity. Meantime, we develop a multispectral characterization strategy to unravel catalytic reaction mechanisms about N/S-HCS. It successfully induces the generation of superoxide (O2) and hydroxyl (OH) during the colorimetric reaction which are the key intermediate products of the catalytic reaction. Furthermore, N/S-HCS increased the cellular reactive oxygen species level significantly and induced bacteriostasis to more than 95% of Escherichia coli.