American Chemical Society
am2c10666_si_001.pdf (782.36 kB)

NMR Study of Lithium Transport in Liquid–Ceramic Hybrid Solid Composite Electrolytes

Download (782.36 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-20, 03:03 authored by Gabrielle Foran, Adrien Mery, Marc Bertrand, Steeve Rousselot, David Lepage, David Aymé-Perrot, Mickaël Dollé
Despite their high conductivity, factors such as being fragile enough to face processing issues and interfacial incompatibility with lithium electrodes are some of the main drawbacks hindering the commercialization of inorganic (mainly oxide-based) solid electrolytes for use in all-solid-state lithium batteries. To this end, strategies such as the addition of solid polymer electrolytes have been proposed to improve the electrode–electrolyte interface. Hybrid electrolytes, which are usually composed of ceramic particles dispersed in a polymer, generally have a better affinity with electrodes and higher ionic conductivity than pure inorganic electrolytes. However, a significant downside of this strategy is that differences in lithium transportability between electrolyte layers can result in the formation of a high interfacial energy barrier across the cell. One strategy to ensure sufficient “wetting” of ceramics is to incorporate a liquid electrolyte directly into the solid inorganic electrolyte resulting in the formation of a hybrid liquid–ceramic electrolyte. To this end, liquid–ceramic hybrid electrolytes were prepared by adding LiG4TFSI, a solvate ionic liquid (SIL), to garnet, NASICON, and perovskite-type ceramic electrolytes. Although SIL addition resulted in increased ionic conductivity, comparisons between the pure SIL and the hybrid systems revealed that improvements were due to the SIL alone. A thorough investigation of the hybrid systems by solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) revealed little to no lithium exchange between the ceramic and the SIL. This confirms that lithium conductivity preferentially occurs through the SIL in these hybrid systems. The primary role of the ceramic is to provide mechanical strength.