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Myrmenaphthol A, Isolated from a Hawaiian Sponge of the Genus Myrmekioderma

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journal contribution
posted on 28.08.2019, 15:39 by Stephen M. Parrish, Ram P. Neupane, Mary Kay Harper, John Head, Philip G. Williams
Four compounds (14) were isolated from a Hawaiian sponge of the genus Myrmekioderma. Myrmenaphthol A (1) incorporates two unusual elements into an oxidized steroidal core: a naphthyl AB-ring system and a hydroxy group at C-2. A comparison of the experimental and predicted electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra of 1 assigned an S configuration to the lone stereocenter (ΔESI = 0.75; similarity factor 0.8137). Known compounds, cinanthrenol A (2), 3,4-dihydroxypregna-5,17-diene-10,2-carbolactone (3), and 3,4-dihydroxypregna-5,20-diene-10,2-carbolactone (4), were also isolated. Despite literature reports of competitive inhibition at nanomolar levels for 2, neither 2 nor the structurally related 1 showed any activity against estrogen receptors at the concentrations tested.