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Multiple Univariate Data Analysis Reveals the Inulin Effects on the High-Fat-Diet Induced Metabolic Alterations in Rat Myocardium and Testicles in the Preobesity State

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journal contribution
posted on 05.07.2013, 00:00 by Yixuan Duan, Yanpeng An, Ning Li, Bifeng Liu, Yulan Wang, Huiru Tang
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic and a well-known risk factor for many diseases affecting billions of people’s health and well-being. However, little information is available for metabolic changes associated with the effects of obesity development and interventions on cardiovascular and reproduction systems. Here, we systematically analyzed the effects of high-fat diet (HFD) and inulin intake on the metabolite compositions of myocardium and testicle using NMR spectroscopy. We developed a useful high-throughput method based on multiple univariate data analysis (MUDA) to visualize and efficiently extract information on metabolites significantly affected by an intervention. We found that HFD caused widespread metabolic changes in both rat myocardium and testicles involving fatty acid β-oxidation together with the metabolisms of choline, amino acids, purines and pyrimidines even before HFD caused significant body-weight increases. Inulin intake ameliorated some of the HFD-induced metabolic changes in both myocardium (3-HB, lactate and guanosine) and testicle tissues (3-HB, inosine and betaine). A remarkable elevation of scyllo-inositol was also observable with inulin intake in both tissues. These findings offered essential information for the inulin effects on the HFD-induced metabolic changes and demonstrated this MUDA method as a powerful alternative to traditionally used multivariate data analysis for metabonomics.