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Multiple Anchor Sites of CaFe-LDH Enhanced the Capture Capacity to Cadmium, Arsenite, and Lead Simultaneously in Contaminated Water/Soil: Scalable Synthesis, Mechanism, and Validation
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-07, 15:20 authored by Tingting Liu, Jiangrong Yang, Kaiyue Ji, Meiqi Zheng, Xiao Yang, Mingfei Shao, Haohong Duan, Xianggui Kong
Heavy metal pollution is a global challenge to human health and ecosystems, and various strategies have been developed to eliminate these hazardous pollutants. However, due to the contrasting biogeochemical behavior of cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As), the efficient and simultaneous removal of these substances is still a major challenge. Here, we demonstrated that the synthesized CaFe-layered double hydroxide (CaFe-LDH) can provide various active sites for the simultaneous removal of Cd2+, AsO2–, and Pb2+ with removal efficiencies of >95% in 5 min and >99% within 60 min. The combination of energy-dispersive X-ray elements and structural characterizations indicated that Cd2+ was anchored in the lattice of the layer through isomorphous substitution with Ca, AsO2– was trapped by amorphous FeOOH, while Pb2+ was removed via the precipitation route. At the same time, we provide a scalable (100 g/batch in the lab and 500 kg/batch in the pilot plant) and effective strategy to produce CaFe-LDH using only Ca(OH)2 and FeCl3 as building blocks. Moreover, hydroponics and potting experiments have shown that CaFe-LDH can not only significantly suppress the migration of the above-mentioned heavy metals from the soil into plants (the reduction efficiencies for Cd2+, AsO2–, and Pb2+ are up to 98.7, 99.4, and 94.9%, respectively) but also have a positive effect on plant growth. Therefore, our work opens the possibility of scalable production of CaFe-LDH and offers a new perspective for the simultaneous removal of Cd2+, AsO2–, and Pb2+ from contaminated wastewater and soil.
structural characterizations indicatedmultiple anchor sitesmentioned heavy metalslayered double hydroxidecontrasting biogeochemical behavior9 %, respectivelywithin 60 min3 sub2 sub2 + sup5 minwork opensvarious strategiessimultaneous removalsignificantly suppressremoved viaremoval efficienciesreduction efficienciesray elementsprecipitation routepotting experimentspositive effectplant growthpilot plantnew perspectivemajor challengelead simultaneouslyisomorphous substitutionhuman healthhazardous pollutantsglobal challengeeffective strategydispersive xcontaminated watercontaminated wastewatercapture capacitybuilding blocksamorphous feooh500 kg100 g