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Multihierarchical Structure of Hybridized Phosphates Anchored on Reduced Graphene Oxide for High Power Hybrid Energy Storage Devices

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-05-26, 00:00 authored by Miao Wang, Fengdan Jin, Xuejiao Zhang, Jing Wang, Shifei Huang, Xinyu Zhang, Shichun Mu, Yueping Zhao, Yufeng Zhao
A multihierarchical structure with (NH4)­(Ni, Co)­PO4·0.67H2O microplatelets and (Ni, Co)3­(PO4)2·8H2O ultrathin nanopieces anchored on reduced graphene oxide (NCNP/RGO) is synthesized via a mild hydrothermal approach. This unique interface-rich structure is suitable for a high power energy storage device by providing efficient pathways for both electronic conduction and ionic transportation, which are effective ways to improve the electrochemical performance. Specifically, a specific capacity of 993 F g–1 is obtained in the three-electrode measurement, with ultrahigh capacity retention of 81.2% (807 F g–1) from 0.5 to 32 A g–1. The hybrid device constructed with the as-prepared NCNP/RGO as anode and a hierarchical porous carbon (HPC) as cathode offers a very superior energy density of 42.1 Wh kg–1 at a power density of 73 W kg–1, which remains 32 Wh kg–1 at 14 kW kg–1. Meanwhile, the as-prepared hybrid capacitor exhibits a remarkable cycling stability (96.5% capacitance retention after 10 000 cycles). The capacity contribution of capacitive behavior for the hybrid device is analyzed as 91.1% at 25 mV s–1.