American Chemical Society
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Multifunctional Mixed SAMs That Promote Both Cell Adhesion and Noncovalent DNA Immobilization

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journal contribution
posted on 2008-07-01, 00:00 authored by Siyoung Choi, William L. Murphy
The ability of DNA strands to influence cellular gene expression directly and to bind with high affinity and specificity to other biological molecules (e.g., proteins and target DNA strands) makes them a potentially attractive component of cell culture substrates. On the basis of the potential importance of immobilized DNA in cell culture and the well-defined characteristics of alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), the current study was designed to create multifunctional SAMs upon which cell adhesion and DNA immobilization can be independently modulated. The approach immobilizes the fibronectin-derived cell adhesion ligand Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro (RGDSP) using carbodiimide activation chemistry and immobilizes DNA strands on the same surface via cDNA−DNA interactions. The surface density of hexanethiol-terminated DNA strands on alkanethiol monolayers (30.2−69.2 pmol/cm2) was controlled using a backfill method, and specific target DNA binding on cDNA-containing SAMs was regulated by varying the soluble target DNA concentration and buffer characteristics. The fibronectin-derived cell adhesion ligand GGRGDSP was covalently linked to carboxylate groups on DNA-containing SAM substrates, and peptide density was proportional to the amount of carboxylate present during SAM preparation. C166-GFP endothelial cells attached and spread on mixed SAM substrates and cell adhesion and spreading were specifically mediated by the immobilized GGRGDSP peptide. The ability to control the characteristics of noncovalent DNA immobilization and cell adhesion on a cell culture substrate suggests that these mixed SAMs could be a useful platform for studying the interaction between cells and DNA.