am1c05667_si_001.pdf (957.52 kB)

Multifunctional Applications of Blow-Spinning Setaria viridis Structured Fibrous Membranes in Water Purification

Download (957.52 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 04.05.2021, 13:36 by Tao Lu, Yankang Deng, Jiaxin Cui, Wenxuan Cao, Qingli Qu, Yulin Wang, Ranhua Xiong, Wenjing Ma, Jiandu Lei, Chaobo Huang
With increasing water pollution and human health problems caused by oily wastewater, the fabrication of oil–water separation materials has become an urgent task. However, most of the reported materials have a single function and poor performance. In this paper, a multifunctional zinc oxide/polyaniline/polyacrylonitrile (ZnO/PANI/PAN) nanofibrous membrane with needle-like ZnO nanorods was prepared by in situ synthesis of PANI and a hydrothermal reaction on a highly stable self-standing PAN blow-spinning fibrous membrane. Due to the electronic synergistic effect of ZnO and PANI, the fibrous membrane exhibits excellent antibacterial activity and visible-light degradation ability of organic dyes. Moreover, the micro-/nanosized pores of the ZnO/PANI/PAN fibrous membranes also guarantee its excellent emulsion separation performance, including an ultrahigh surfactant-free emulsion permeate flux (∼8597.40 L/(m2 h)), ultrahigh surfactant-stabilized emulsion permeate flux (∼2253.50 L/(m2 h)), and excellent separation efficiency (above 99%). Furthermore, the composite membrane maintains stable underwater superoleophobicity and hydrophilicity under adverse conditions, shows good biological safety, and is harmless to the water environment. These excellent properties endow the ZnO/PANI/PAN nanofibrous membranes with great potential in treating oily wastewater.