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Multicolor Tunable Luminescence Based on Tb3+/Eu3+ Doping through a Facile Hydrothermal Route

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journal contribution
posted on 19.07.2017, 00:00 by Chao Wang, Ting Zhou, Jing Jiang, Huiyuan Geng, Zhanglei Ning, Xin Lai, Jian Bi, Daojiang Gao
Ln3+-doped fluoride is a far efficient material for realizing multicolor emission, which plays an important part in full-color displays, biolabeling, and MRI. However, studies on the multicolor tuning properties of Ln3+-doped fluoride are mainly concentrated on a complicated process using three or more dopants, and the principle of energy transfer mechanism is still unclear. Herein, multicolor tunable emission is successfully obtained only by codoping with Tb3+ and Eu3+ ions in β-NaGdF4 submicrocrystals via a facile hydrothermal route. Our work reveals that various emission colors can be obtained and tuned from red, orange-red, pink, and blue-green to green under single excitation energy via codoping Tb3+ and Eu3+ with rationally changed Eu3+/Tb3+ molar ratio due to the energy transfer between Tb3+ and Eu3+ ions in the β-NaGdF4 host matrix. Meanwhile, the energy transfer mechanism in β-NaGdF4: x Eu3+/y Tb3+ (x + y = 5 mol %) submicrocrystals is investigated. Our results evidence the potential of the dopants’ distribution density as an effective way for analyzing energy transfer and multicolor-controlled mechanism in other rare earth fluoride luminescence materials. Discussions on the multicolor luminescence under a certain dopant concentration based on single host and wavelength excitation are essential toward the goal of the practical applications in the field of light display systems and optoelectronic devices.