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Multi-Frequency ESR Study of the Polycrystalline Phenoxyl Radical of α-(3,5-Di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-N-tert-butylnitrone in the Diamagnetic Matrix

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journal contribution
posted on 26.01.2006, 00:00 by Toshiki Yamaji, Yohei Noda, Seigo Yamauchi, Jun Yamauchi
Multifrequency (X-, Q-, and W-band) electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy has been used to characterize the phenoxyl radical produced from α-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-N-tert-butylnitrone, which is a new spin-trapping reagent. The X-band measurement did not resolve the powder-pattern ESR spectrum. Because of its higher resolution with g value, the Q-band ESR study revealed that the g factor has an axial-like symmetry and that the observed hyperfine structure in the Z-direction is caused by the nitrogen nucleus at the para-position. Furthermore, the results of the W-band ESR experiment more clearly distinguished the perpendicular components from the parallel component, resolving the perpendicular components into x and y components. The X-band powder spectrum was similar to the X-band ESR spectrum of the radical in a frozen solution of toluene. The computer simulation spectra performed using the obtained parameters fitted the experimental spectra well. A comparison of the amplitude of g(gx, gy) with that of gz showed that the unpaired electron is delocalized over the π-conjugated framework. Considering the hyperfine coupling constant, it was concluded that about 16% of the unpaired electron distributed over the nitrogen nucleus at the para-position. This study thus showed the significant potential of a multifrequency ESR approach to a powder sample radical in terms of its high resolution with g value.