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Morphology-Driven Surface Segregation in a Blend of Poly(ε-caprolactone) and Poly(vinyl chloride)

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journal contribution
posted on 16.08.2005, 00:00 by Zhuo-Lin Cheung, Lu-Tao Weng, Chi-Ming Chan, Wei Min Hou, Lin Li
A blend of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) with 90 wt % PCL was prepared. Two films of this blend, which were grown at 35 and 45 °C, showed the absence and presence of banded spherulites, respectively. A detailed examination conducted with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF−SIMS) found that the surface composition of the film grown at 45 °C was related to its structure, which was shown to contain ridges and valleys. Phase images obtained using atomic force microscopy (AFM) indicated that the ridges and valleys consisted of edge-on and flat-on lamellae, respectively. ToF−SIMS imaging revealed that PVC and PCL were located mainly on the surface of the valleys and ridges, respectively. This morphology-driven surface segregation was caused by the difference in the surface energy between the flat-on and edge-on lamellae.