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Morphology-Tuning-Induced Highly Efficient Regeneration of Pt/C Nanoelectrocatalysts

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journal contribution
posted on 03.02.2017, 00:00 by Mingbo Ruan, Menggai Jiao, Ping Song, Zhemin Wu, Yong Wang, Zhijian Wu, Weilin Xu, Ying Wang
The sintering-induced irreversible deactivation of precious metal nanocatalysts is one of the main obstacles for their sustainable application. Here, by adding fluorine (F)-doped carbon support to improve the redispersion and tune the morphology of platinum (Pt) nanoparticles, a sintered Pt/C electrocatalyst for methanol electro-oxidation was completely regenerated in activity and doubled in amount of catalyst and tripled in metal utilization. The morphology-tuning-induced highly efficient regeneration based on F-doped carbon was further confirmed from the regeneration of a spent Pt/C for fuel cells. The quantum chemical calculation shows that the improved redispersion and the morphology transformation of Pt nanocatalyst could be mainly attributed to the strong interaction between d states of Pt and p states of F doped on carbon. The work presented here indicates that the morphology tuning of metal nanocatalysts is another way for highly efficient regeneration of precious metal nanocatalysts. It also opens a new pathway for people to get new functional materials with tunable morphology sustainably.