American Chemical Society
nn2023478_si_001.pdf (13.43 MB)

Monodisperse Hexagonal Silver Nanoprisms: Synthesis via Thiolate-Protected Cluster Precursors and Chiral, Ligand-Imprinted Self-Assembly

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-09-27, 00:00 authored by Nicole Cathcart, Vladimir Kitaev
Silver nanoprisms of a predominantly hexagonal shape have been prepared using a ligand combination of a strongly binding thiol, captopril, and charge-stabilizing citrate together with hydrogen peroxide as an oxidative etching agent and a strong base that triggered nanoprism formation. The role of the reagents and their interplay in the nanoprism synthesis is discussed in detail. The beneficial role of chloride ions to attain a high degree of reproducibility and monodispersity of the nanoprisms is elucidated. Control over the nanoprism width, thickness, and, consequently, plasmon resonance in the system has been demonstrated. One of the crucial factors in the nanoprism synthesis was the slow, controlled aggregation of thiolate-stabilized silver nanoclusters as the intermediates. The resulting superior monodispersity (better than ca. 10% standard deviation in lateral size and ca. 15% standard deviation in thickness (<1 nm variation)) and charge stabilization of the produced silver nanoprisms enabled the exploration of the rich diversity of the self-assembled morphologies in the system. Regular columnar assemblies of the self-assembled nanoprisms spanning 2–3 μm in length have been observed. Notably, the helicity of the columnar phases was evident, which can be attributed to the chirality of the strongly binding thiol ligand. Finally, the enhancement of Raman scattering has been observed after oxidative removal of thiolate ligands from the AgNPR surface.