Monoanionic Anilidophosphine Ligand in Lanthanide Chemistry: Scope, Reactivity, and Electrochemistry
journal contributionposted on 2020-01-17, 21:44 authored by Fabian A. Watt, Athul Krishna, Grigoriy Golovanov, Holger Ott, Roland Schoch, Christoph Wölper, Adam G. Neuba, Stephan Hohloch
We present the synthesis of a series of new lanthanide(III) complexes supported by a monoanionic bidentate anilidophosphine ligand (N-(2-(diisopropylphosphanyl)-4-methylphenyl)-2,4,6-trimethylanilide, short PN–). The work comprises the characterization of a variety of heteroleptic complexes containing either one or two PN ligands as well as a study on further functionalization possibilities. The new heteroleptic complexes cover selected examples over the whole lanthanide(III) series including lanthanum, cerium, neodymium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, and lutetium. In case of the two diamagnetic metal cations lanthanum(III) and lutetium(III), we have furthermore studied the influence of the lanthanide ion (early vs. late) on the reactivity of these complexes. Thereby we found that the radius of the lanthanide ion has a major influence on the reactivity. Using sterically demanding, multidentate ligand systems, e.g., cyclopentadienide (Cp–), we found that the lanthanum complex La(PN)2Cl (1-La) reacts well to the corresponding cyclopentadienide complex, while for Lu(PN)2Cl (1-Lu) no reaction was observed under any conditions tested. On the contrary, employing monodentate ligands such as mesitolate, thiomesitolate, 2,4,6-trimethylanilide or 2,4,6-trimethylphenylphosphide, results in the clean formation of the desired complexes for both lanthanum and lutetium. All complexes have been studied by various techniques, including multi nuclear NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. 31P NMR spectroscopy was furthermore used to evaluate the presence of open coordination sites on the complexes using coordinating and noncoordinating solvents, and as a probe for estimating the Ce–P distance in the corresponding complexes. Additionally, we present cyclic voltammetry (CV) data for Ce(PN)2Cl (1-Ce), La(PN)2Cl (1-La), Ce(PN)(HMDS)2 (8-Ce) and La(PN)(HMDS)2 (8-La) (with HMDS = hexamethyldisilazide, (Me3Si)2N–) exploring the potential of the anilidophosphane ligand framework to stabilize a potential Ce(IV) ion.