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Molecular Recognition of Cytosine- and Guanine-Functionalized Nucleolipids in the Mixed Monolayers at the Air−Water Interface and Langmuir−Blodgett Films

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journal contribution
posted on 16.03.2006, 00:00 by Yuchun Wang, Xuezhong Du, Wangen Miao, Yingqiu Liang
Molecular recognition of mixed nucleolipids of 1-(2-octadecyloxycarbonylethyl)cytosine and 7-(2-octadecyloxycarbonylethyl)guanine in the monolayers at the air−water interface and Langmuir−Blodgett (LB) films has been investigated in detail using surface pressure/potential−area isotherms, infrared reflection−absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) transmission spectroscopy, respectively. Prior to molecular recognition, the cytosine moieties in the monolayer were hydrogen bonded with an almost flat-on orientation, the alkyl chains were uniaxially oriented with respect to the film normal, the guanine moieties in the monolayer were stacked probably through π−π interaction with an end-on orientation, and the C−C−C planes of the alkyl chains were preferentially oriented parallel to the water surface. In the monolayer of equimolar mixture, molecular recognition between the cytosine and guanine moieties occurred together with the ring planes of base pairing and the C−C−C planes of the alkyl chains favorably oriented parallel to the water surface. The guanine moieties underwent an orientation change from an end-on mode before molecular recognition to a flat-on one after molecular recognition. The base pairing between the cytosine and guanine moieties in the monolayers was achieved since the N7-substituted guanine derivatives suppressed the formation of guanine tetramers. Both the IRRAS spectra of the monolayers and the FTIR spectra of the LB films presented the exact sites in the cytosine and guanine moieties for the formation of triple hydrogen bonds. The base pairing resulted in a change in molecular orientation and interaction, and the corresponding LB film exhibited a different phase transition behavior from a typical crystal transition for the cytosine-functionalized nucleolipids and an analogous glass transition for the guanine-functionalized nucleolipids. The thermal stability of the mixed LB film was improved in comparison to the LB films of pure components.