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Molecular Recognition Under Interfacial Conditions: Calix[4]pyrrole-Based Cross-linkable Micelles for Ion Pair Extraction

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-06-22, 00:00 authored by Xiaodong Chi, Gretchen Marie Peters, Forrest Hammel, Chandler Brockman, Jonathan L. Sessler
An anthracene-functionalized, long-tailed calix[4]­pyrrole 1, containing both an anion-recognition site and cation-recognition functionality, has been synthesized and fully characterized. Upon ion pair complexation with FeF2, receptor 1 self-assembles into multimicelles in aqueous media. This aggregation process is ascribed to a change in polarity from nonpolar to amphiphilic induced upon concurrent anion and cation complexation and permits molecular recognition-based control over chemical morphology under interfacial conditions. Photoirradiation of the micelles serves to cross-link the anthracene units thus stabilizing the aggregates. The combination of ion pair recognition, micelle formation, and cross-linking can be used to extract FeF2 ion pairs from bulk aqueous solutions. The present work helps illustrate how molecular recognition and self-assembly may be used to control the chemistry of extractants at interfaces.