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Molecular Interactions Between Egg White Peptides and Giant Unilamellar Vesicle Membranes: Effect of Peptide Localization on Membrane Fluidity

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posted on 2024-04-10, 14:52 authored by Ting Zhang, Menghan Fu, Ting Yu, Feng Jiang, Siwen Lyu, Qi Yang, Zhiyang Du, Xuanting Liu, Jingbo Liu, Yiding Yu
Bioactive peptides have been shown to affect cell membrane fluidity, which is an important indicator of the cell membrane structure and function. However, the underlying mechanism of egg white-derived bioactive peptide regulation of cell membrane fluidity has not been elucidated yet. The cell membrane fluidity was investigated by giant unilamellar vesicles in the present study. The results showed that peptides TCNW, ADWAK, ESIINF, VPIEGII, LVEEY, and WKLC connect to membranes through intermolecular interactions, such as hydrogen bonding and regulated membrane fluidity, in a concentration-dependent way. In addition, peptides prefer to localize in the hydrophobic core of the bilayers. This study provides a theoretical basis for analyzing the localization of egg white bioactive peptides in specific cell membrane regions and their influence on the cell membrane fluidity.

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