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Molecular Engineering of an Alkaline Naphthoquinone Flow Battery

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journal contribution
posted on 11.07.2019, 00:00 by Liuchuan Tong, Marc-Antoni Goulet, Daniel P. Tabor, Emily F. Kerr, Diana De Porcellinis, Eric M. Fell, Alán Aspuru-Guzik, Roy G. Gordon, Michael J. Aziz
Aqueous organic redox flow batteries (AORFBs) have recently gained significant attention as a potential candidate for grid-scale electrical energy storage. Successful implementation of this technology will require redox-active organic molecules with many desired properties. Here we introduce a naphthoquinone dimer, bislawsone, as the redox-active material in a negative potential electrolyte (negolyte) for an AORFB. This dimerization strategy substantially improves the performance of the electrolyte versus that of the lawsone monomer in terms of solubility, stability, reversible capacity, permeability, and cell voltage. An AORFB pairing bislawsone with a ferri/ferrocyanide positive electrolyte delivers an open-circuit voltage of 1.05 V and cycles at a current density of 300 mA/cm2 with a negolyte concentration of 2 M electrons in alkaline solution. We determined the degradation mechanism for the naphthoquinone-based electrolyte using chemical analysis and predicted theoretically electrolytes based on naphthoquinones that will be even more stable.

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