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Modulation of Membrane Fluidity to Control Interfacial Water Structure and Dynamics in Saturated and Unsaturated Phospholipid Vesicles

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journal contribution
posted on 15.10.2020, 20:14 by Dipankar Mondal, Sheeba Malik, Pavel Banerjee, Niloy Kundu, Ananya Debnath, Nilmoni Sarkar
The structure and dynamics of interfacial water in biological systems regulate the biochemical reactions. But, it is still enigmatic how the behavior of the interfacial water molecule is controlled. Here, we have investigated the effect of membrane fluidity on the structure and dynamics of interfacial water molecules in biologically relevant phopholipid vesicles. This study delineates that modulation of membrane fluidity through interlipid separation and unsaturation not only mitigate membrane rigidity but also disrupt the strong hydrogen bond (H-bond) network around the lipid bilayer interface. As a result, a disorder in H-bonding between water molecules arises several layers beyond the first hydration shell of the polar headgroup, which essentially modifies the interfacial water structure and dynamics. Furthermore, we have also provided evidence of increasing transportation through these modulated membranes, which enhance the membrane mediated isomerization reaction rate.