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Modulation of Electronic and Self-Assembly Properties of a Donor–Acceptor–Donor-Based Molecular Materials via Atomistic Approach

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journal contribution
posted on 14.01.2015, 00:00 by Joydeep Dhar, K. Swathi, Durga Prasad Karothu, K. S. Narayan, Satish Patil
The performance of molecular materials in optoelectronic devices critically depends upon their electronic properties and solid-state structure. In this report, we have synthesized sulfur and selenium based (T4BT and T4BSe) donor–acceptor–donor (D–A–D) organic derivatives in order to understand the structure–property correlation in organic semiconductors by selectively tuning the chalcogen atom. The photophysical properties exhibit a significant alteration upon varying a single atom in the molecular structure. A joint theoretical and experimental investigation suggests that replacing sulfur with selenium significantly reduces the band gap and molar absorption coefficient because of lower electronegativity and ionization potential of selenium. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis showed differences in their solid-state packing and intermolecular interactions. Subsequently, difference in the solid-state packing results variation in self-assembly. Micorstructural changes within these materials are correlated to their electrical resistance variation, investigated by conducting probe atomic force microscopy (CP-AFM) measurements. These results provide useful guidelines to understand the fundamental properties of D–A–D materials prepared by atomistic modulation.