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Modulation of Dynamics and Reactivity of Water in Reverse Micelles of Mixed Surfactants

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journal contribution
posted on 16.10.2008, 00:00 by Rajib Kumar Mitra, Sudarson Sekhar Sinha, Pramod Kumar Verma, Samir Kumar Pal
In this contribution, we attempt to correlate the change in water dynamics in a reverse micellar (RM) core caused by the modification of the interface by mixing an anionic surfactant, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT), and a nonionic surfactant, tetraethylene glycol monododecyl ether (Brij-30), at different proportions, and its consequent effect on the reactivity of water, measured by monitoring the solvolysis reaction of benzoyl chloride (BzCl). The dimension of the RM droplets at different mixing ratios of AOT and Brij-30 (XBrij-30) has been measured using dynamic light scattering (DLS) technique. The physical properties of the RM water have been determined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and compressibility studies, which show that with increasing XBrij-30, the water properties tend toward that of bulk-like water. The solvation dynamics, probed by coumarin 500 dye, gets faster with XBrij-30. The rotational anisotropy studies along with a wobbling-in-cone analysis show that the probe experiences less restriction at higher XBrij-30. The kinetics of the water-mediated solvolysis also gets faster with XBrij-30. The increased rate of solvolysis has been correlated with the accelerated solvation dynamics, which is another consequence of surfactant headgroup-water interaction.