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Modulating Physical Properties of Isolated and Self-Assembled Nanocrystals through Change in Nanocrystallinity

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journal contribution
posted on 19.02.2016, 23:08 by Nicolas Goubet, Cong Yan, Dario Polli, Hervé Portalès, Imad Arfaoui, Giulio Cerullo, Marie-Paule Pileni
For self-assembled nanocrystals in three-dimensional (3D) superlattices, called supracrystals, the crystalline structure of the metal nanocrystals (either single domain or polycrystalline) or nanocrystallinity is likely to induce significant changes in the physical properties. Previous studies demonstrated that spontaneous nanocrystallinity segregation takes place in colloidal solution upon self-assembling of 5 nm dodecanethiol-passivated Au nanocrystals. This segregation allows the exclusive selection of single domain and polycrystalline nanoparticles and consequently producing supracrystals with these building blocks. Here, we investigate the influence of nanocrystallinity on different properties of nanocrystals with either single domain or polycrystalline structure. In particular, the influence of nanocrystallinity on the localized surface plasmon resonance of individual nanocrystals dispersed in the same dielectric media is reported. Moreover, the frequencies of the radial breathing mode of single domain and polycrystalline nanoparticles are measured. Finally, the orientational ordering of single domain nanocrystals markedly changes the supracrystal elastic moduli compared to supracrystals of polycrystalline nanocrystals.

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