American Chemical Society
ja9b09411_si_002.pdf (2.34 MB)

Modular Design via Multiple Anion Chemistry of the High Mobility van der Waals Semiconductor Bi4O4SeCl2

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-01-06, 20:16 authored by Quinn D. Gibson, Troy D. Manning, Marco Zanella, Tianqi Zhao, Philip A. E. Murgatroyd, Craig M. Robertson, Leanne A. H. Jones, Fiona McBride, Rasmita Raval, Furio Cora, Ben Slater, John B. Claridge, Vin R. Dhanak, Matthew S. Dyer, Jonathan Alaria, Matthew J. Rosseinsky
Making new van der Waals materials with electronic or magnetic functionality is a chemical design challenge for the development of two-dimensional nanoelectronic and energy conversion devices. We present the synthesis and properties of the van der Waals material Bi4O4SeCl2, which is a 1:1 superlattice of the structural units present in the van der Waals insulator BiOCl and the three-dimensionally connected semiconductor Bi2O2Se. The presence of three anions gives the new structure both the bridging selenide anion sites that connect pairs of Bi2O2 layers in Bi2O2Se and the terminal chloride sites that produce the van der Waals gap in BiOCl. This retains the electronic properties of Bi2O2Se while reducing the dimensionality of the bonding network connecting the Bi2O2Se units to allow exfoliation of Bi4O4SeCl2 to 1.4 nm height. The superlattice structure is stabilized by the configurational entropy of anion disorder across the terminal and bridging sites. The reduction in connective dimensionality with retention of electronic functionality stems from the expanded anion compositional diversity.