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Migration of l‑Selenomethionine in the Water–Soil Interface Dominated by Iron Oxides

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posted on 2024-04-24, 12:04 authored by Rui Wang, Xin Liu, Kun Li, Xinyu Li, Dun Fang, Wenjun Xiang, Aijia Cao, Ting Long, Shiyong Wei
Organic selenium (Se) accounts for up to 10–80% of total Se in soils, and l-selenomethionine (SeMet) is a typical organic Se species. However, the migration of SeMet in soils remains elusive. This study investigated the solid–liquid distribution, adsorption, desorption by phosphate, and self-oxidization of SeMet in solution under the influence of ferrihydrite, goethite, and hematite through batch experiments. Iron oxides could adsorb a much larger amount of SeMet than inorganic Se. At the initial Se element concentrations of 0–200 mg/L, the solid/liquid partition coefficient of SeMet was constant, which was 0.41, 0.43, and 0.50 on ferrihydrite, goethite, and hematite, respectively. In addition, the adsorption process of SeMet on the three iron oxides could be well described by the linear driving force model. Accordingly, the intraparticle diffusion coefficient of SeMet in ferrihydrite, goethite, and hematite was 1.4 × 103, 7.9 × 104, and 1.2 × 105 nm2/min, respectively. The adsorption of SeMet on the three iron oxides was slightly influenced by the pH and the coexisting ions, such as Cl, NO3, SO42–, and H2PO4. The desorption ratio of SeMet on the three iron oxides by phosphate was lower than 2.5%. SeMet would aggregate the nanoparticles of iron oxides, resulting in a synergistic effect on the adsorption of phosphate. The oxidization ratio of SeMet was 23.9% in the solution, while it decreased to 17.1–17.5% in iron oxide suspensions. For this oxidization process, the three iron oxides exhibited varying effects to decelerate SeMet oxidation, as represented by the equivalent reaction. The findings of this study reveal the migration of SeMet in the water–soil interface under the influence of iron oxides, which can improve the understanding of Se cycling in the environment as well as provide some guidance for the better utilization of Se in soils and environmental remediation of Se pollution.

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