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Mid-Infrared InAs/InAsSb Superlattice nBn Photodetector Monolithically Integrated onto Silicon

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journal contribution
posted on 16.01.2019, 00:00 by Evangelia Delli, Veronica Letka, Peter D. Hodgson, Eva Repiso, Jonathan P. Hayton, Adam P. Craig, Qi Lu, Richard Beanland, Anthony Krier, Andrew R. J. Marshall, Peter J. Carrington
Mid-infrared (MIR) silicon photonics holds the potential for realizing next generation ultracompact spectroscopic systems for applications in gas sensing, defense, and medical diagnostics. The direct epitaxial growth of antimonide-based compound semiconductors on silicon provides a promising approach for extending the wavelength of silicon photonics to the longer infrared range. This paper reports on the fabrication of a high performance MIR photodetector directly grown onto silicon by molecular beam epitaxy. The device exhibited an extended cutoff wavelength at ∼5.5 μm and a dark current density of 1.4 × 10–2 A/cm2 under 100 mV reverse bias at 200 K. A responsivity of 0.88 A/W and a specific detectivity in the order of 1.5 × 1010 Jones was measured at 200 K under 100 mV reverse bias operation. These results were achieved through the development of an innovative structure which incorporates a type-II InAs/InAsSb superlattice-based barrier nBn photodetector grown on a GaSb-on-silicon buffer layer. The difficulties in growing GaSb directly on silicon were overcome using a novel growth procedure consisting of an efficient AlSb interfacial misfit array, a two-step growth temperature procedure and dislocation filters resulting in a low defect density, antiphase domain free GaSb epitaxial layer on silicon. This work demonstrates that complex superlattice-based MIR photodetectors can be directly integrated onto a Si platform, which provides a pathway toward the realization of new, high performance, large area focal plane arrays and mid-infrared integrated photonic circuits.