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Microwave-Promoted Heck Coupling Using Ultralow Metal Catalyst Concentrations

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journal contribution
posted on 04.03.2005, 00:00 by Riina K. Arvela, Nicholas. E. Leadbeater
We show that Heck couplings can be performed in water using microwave heating and Pd catalyst concentrations as low as 500 ppb. The methodology is simple; all that is required as the catalyst is a stock solution of palladium.