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Microthermogravimetry of a Single Microcapsule Using Silicon Microresonators

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journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2010, 00:00 authored by Dongkyu Lee, Yongbeom Park, Soo Hyoun Cho, Myungsun Yoo, Namchul Jung, Minhyuk Yun, Wooree Ko, Sangmin Jeon
A chlorobenzene-containing polyurethane microcapsule was placed on the free end of a silicon cantilever, and the temperature dependence of the resonance frequency was measured. As the cantilever was heated, the resonance frequency showed steplike increases at 109 and 270 °C that were due to the rupture of the capsule and the thermal degradation of the polyurethane shell, respectively. The frequency changes due to the rupture of a single capsule measured by the cantilever were much sharper than the transitions measured by conventional thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), which measures the average mass change of a collection of capsules characterized by a large size distribution. When two capsules were placed on the cantilever, their individual rupture temperatures could be clearly identified. In addition, the permeability of the polyurethane shell, with respect to chlorobenzene, was measured, and the rupture temperature was observed to decrease with increasing permeability.