American Chemical Society
ac3c03125_si_001.pdf (952.17 kB)

Microswimmer-Assisted Dual-Signal Sensor for Multiple Targets in Whole Blood

Download (952.17 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-14, 20:20 authored by Ya Zhang, Wenhao Ma, Ning Li, Ying Xu, Na Qi, Mei Yang, Changjun Hou, Danqun Huo
Accurate detection of biomarkers in whole blood is an important aspect of diagnostic testing but remains a challenge due to various interferences. However, using a self-calibrating two-signal strategy offers a solution that can overcome interference caused by experimental and environmental factors. Here, we proposed a novel microswimmer {methylene blue (MB)@ZIF-90@aptamer-HER2/3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB)@ZIF-90@aptamer-ER}-dual-signal (electrochemical and fluorescence) homogeneous sensor based on functionalized ZIF nanomaterials for one-step simultaneous detection of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) and estrogen receptor (ER) in whole blood. The proposed one-step ZIF-90 synthesis encapsulates TMB and MB with dual-signal properties. HER2 and ER aptamers adsorbed on MB@ZIF-90/TMB@ZIF-90 function as the gate switches. The microswimmer targets the HER2 and ER with adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-driven motion. When targets are present, aptamers dissociate and reduce the microswimmer’s surface negative charge. The microswimmer undergoes attack and decomposition by swimming ATP due to the strong coordination force between ATP and Zn2+, leading to the release of MB and TMB. The negative charges on the surface of indium tin oxide enrich MB and TMB with positive charges, thereby increasing the intensities of electrochemical and fluorescence signals. The detection process was completed within 40 min, and the detection limits for ER and HER2 were 8.1 and 5.7 fg/mL respectively, with a linear range of 0.25–20 pg/mL.