Microstructure and Performance of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube/m‑Aramid Composite Films as Electric Heating Elements
journal contributionposted on 24.07.2013, 00:00 by Young Gyu Jeong, Gil Woo Jeon
We report microstructure of thermomechanically stable multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) (m-aramid) composite films containing 0.0–10.0 wt % MWCNTs and their performance as electric heating elements. FE-SEM images show that the MWCNTs are well dispersed in the composite films and are wrapped with m-aramid chains and that the interfacial thickness of m-aramid wrapped MWCNTs decreases with the MWCNT content. The electrical resistivity of films varies from ∼1013 Ω cm for the neat m-aramid to ∼100 Ω cm of the film with 10.0 wt % MWCNT owing to the formation of a conductive three-dimensional network of MWCNTs. Accordingly, the performance of MWCNT/m-aramid films as electric heating elements is strongly dependent on MWCNT content as well as applied voltage. For the composite film with 10.0 wt % MWCNT, a maximum temperature of ∼176 °C is attained even at a low applied voltage of 10 V. The excellent performance such as rapid temperature response and high electric power efficiency at given applied voltages is found to be related with the microstructural features of the MWCNT/m-aramid films.