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Microscopic Mechanism for Further NO Heterogeneous Reduction by Potassium-Doped Biochar: A DFT Study

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posted on 2024-04-23, 14:15 authored by Tong Hao, Lihong Wei, Jinyuan Jiang, Qian Zhou, Hui Liu
Biomass reburning is an efficient and low-cost way to control nitric oxide (NO), and the abundant potassium (K) element in biomass affects the heterogeneous reaction between NO and biochar. Due to the incomplete simulation of the NO heterogeneous reduction reaction pathway at the molecular level and the unclear catalytic effect of K element in biochar, further research is needed on the possible next reaction and the influencing mechanism of the element. After the products of the existing reaction pathways are referenced, two reasonably simplified biochar structural models are selected as the basic reactants to study the microscopic mechanism for further NO heterogeneous reduction on the biochar surface before and after doping with the K atom based on density functional theory. In studying the two further NO heterogeneous reduction reaction pathways, we find that the carbon monoxide (CO) molecule fragment protrudes from the surface of biochar models with the desorption of N2 at the TS4 transition state, and the two edge types of biochar product models obtained by simulation calculation are Klein edge and ac56 edge observed in the experiment. In studying the catalytic effect of potassium in biochar, we find that the presence of K increases the heat release of adsorption of NO molecules, reduces the energy barrier of the rate-determining step in the nitrogen (N2) generation and desorption process (by 50.88 and 69.97%), and hinders the CO molecule from desorbing from the biochar model surface. Thermodynamic and kinetic analyses also confirm its influence. The study proves that the heterogeneous reduction reaction of four NO molecules on the surface of biochar completes the whole reaction process and provides a basic theoretical basis for the emission of nitrogen oxides (NOx) during biomass reburning.

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