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Microscale Curling and Alignment of Ti3C2Tx MXene by Confining Aerosol Droplets for Planar Micro-Supercapacitors

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-11-19, 22:46 authored by Yu Wu, Danjiao Zhao, Jidi Zhang, Aiping Lin, Yu Wang, Lei Cao, Shufen Wang, Shixian Xiong, Feng Gu
Additive manufacturing techniques have revolutionized the field of fabricating micro-supercapacitors (MSCs) with a high degree of pattern and geometry flexibility. However, traditional additive manufacturing processes are based on the functionality of microstructural modulation, which is essential for device performance. Herein, Ti3C2Tx MXene was chosen to report a convenient aerosol jet printing (AJP) process for the in situ curling and alignment of MXene nanosheets. The aerosol droplet provides a microscale regime for curling MXene monolayers while their alignment is performed by the as-generated directional stress derived from the quasi-conical fiber array (CFA)-guided parallel droplet flow. Interdigital microelectrodes were further developed with the curled MXene and a satisfying areal capacitance performance has been demonstrated. Importantly, the AJP technique holds promise for revolutionizing additive manufacturing techniques for fabricating future smart microelectronics and devices not only in the microscale but also in the nanoscale.