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MiR-326 Inhibits Inflammation and Promotes Autophagy in Silica-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis through Targeting TNFSF14 and PTBP1

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journal contribution
posted on 04.11.2019, 20:37 by Tiantian Xu, Weiwen Yan, Qiuyun Wu, Qi Xu, Jiali Yuan, Yan Li, Ping Li, Honghong Pan, Chunhui Ni
Silicosis is a kind of irreversible pulmonary fibrosis induced by the long-term inhalation of silica particles. The therapeutic strategy based on the microRNAs might be an effective way for the treatment of silicosis. Our previous miRNA microarray data indicated that miR-326 was decreased in the mouse lung tissues of silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis. However, the specific functions of miR-326 on silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis remain unclear. The objective was to determine the expression and the biological effects of miR-326 in silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Methods included mouse models of silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis and miR-326 intervention that were established separately to explore the effect of miR-326 in vivo. The cell models of SiO2-treated lung epithelial cells (HBE and A549) and TGF-β1-stimulated lung fibroblast cells (MRC-5 and NIH/3T3) were used to investigate the mechanism of miR-326 in vitro. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to evaluate the severity and distribution of fibrosis of mouse lung tissues. Western blot and immunofluorescence assays were performed to measure the downstream molecules of miR-326. Transmission electron microscopy pictures showed the autophagy activity. The results showed miR-326 is down-regulated in the fibrotic lung tissues of silica-treated mice, while increased expression of miR-326 attenuates silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo. Tumor necrosis factor superfamily-14 (TNFSF14) and polypyrimidine tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) are identified as the targets of miR-326. MiR-326 dampens pulmonary inflammation through targeting TNFSF14 and promotes autophagy activity of fibroblasts through targeting PTBP1. LncRNA HOTAIR facilitates inflammation via sponging miR-326. In conclusion, we demonstrate that miR-326 inhibits inflammation and promotes autophagy activity by targeting TNFSF14 and PTBP1 separately to alleviate silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Our results might shed new light on the therapeutic strategies for silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

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