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Methylene-Bridged Complexes of Rhodium/Ruthenium as Models for Bimetallic Fischer−Tropsch Catalysts:  Comparisons with the Rh/Os and Ir/Ru Analogues

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journal contribution
posted on 22.06.2002, 00:00 authored by Bryan D. Rowsell, Steven J. Trepanier, Robert Lam, Robert McDonald, Martin Cowie
The cationic heterobinuclear complex [RhRu(CO)3(μ-H)2(dppm)2][X] (1) is prepared by protonation of the monohydride species [RhRu(CO)3(μ-H)(dppm)2] (dppm = μ-Ph2PCH2PPh2; X- = BF4-, CF3SO3-). Treatment of 1 with carbon monoxide affords the tetracarbonyl complex ion [RhRu(CO)4(dppm)2][X] (2), which yields the methylene-bridged product [RhRu(CO)4(μ-CH)2(dppm)2][X] (3), upon treatment with excess diazomethane at −78 °C. Reaction of 3 with trimethylamine-N-oxide results in CO removal, affording the methylene-bridged tricarbonyl species [RhRu(CO)3(μ-CH)2(dppm)2][X] (4). Although compound 3 is unreactive toward further treatment with CH2N2, compound 4 reacts readily with diazomethane, yielding a mixture of uncharacterized products. Compounds 3 and 4 react with PMe3 to yield [RhRu(PMe3)(CO)3(μ-CH)2(dppm)2][X] (5), in which coordination of PMe3 at the unsaturated Rh center occurs. The structures of compounds 2, 3, and 5 have been determined by X-ray methods. Comparisons of the reactivity of compound 3 with that of the analogous Ir/Ru and Rh/Os complexes toward diazomethane are presented.