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Methoxypolyethylene Glycol-Substituted Zinc Phthalocyanines for Multiple Tumor-Selective Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy

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journal contribution
posted on 25.09.2021, 18:03 by Wenzhi Wang, Jiawen Wang, Ge Hong, Lina Mao, Na Zhu, Tianjun Liu
Highly tumor-tissue-selective drugs are a prerequisite for accurate diagnosis and efficient photodynamic therapy (PDT) of tumors, but the currently used fluorescent dyes and photosensitizers generally lack the ability for high accumulation and precise localization in tumor tissues. Here we report that monomethoxy polyethylene glycol (MPEG)-modified zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) can be selectively accumulated in multiple tumor tissues, and that the selectivity is controlled by the chain length of MPEG. MPEG-monosubstituted ZnPcs with different chain lengths were synthesized, among which the shorter chain (mw < 2k)-modified ZnPc did not show tumor tissue selectivity, while MPEG2k–5k-substituted ZnPc could be rapidly and selectively accumulated in H22 tumor tissues in mice after intravenous injection. Especially, MPEG4k-Pc showed the best tumor tissue selectivity with a tumor/liver (T/L) ratio of 1.7–2.2 in HepG2, MDA-MB231, AGS, and HT-29 tumor-bearing mice. It also exhibited potent photodynamic therapy effects after one PDT treatment, and tumor growth was significantly inhibited in H22-bearing mice with an inhibition rate over 98% and no obvious toxicity. Consequently, MPEG-modified ZnPc could serve as a potential platform for selective fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy of multiple tumors.